Building local networks

A local computer network is an interconnection of a certain number of computers within a relatively small area.

The advantages of interconnecting into a local network are:

  • data sharing. In the network, data are stored in the central PC and can be available to any PC connected to the network, so there is no need to have a storing device to store the same information at each workplace;
  • resource sharing. Peripheral devices can be available to all users of the network (such as a fax machine or a laser printer);
  • software sharing. All network users can have an access to the software that was once installed centrally. The network version of corresponding software should be functional;
  • rapid access and sharing of data;
  • accumulation of data for scientific research;
  • distance learning;
  • functioning of electronic libraries and virtual laboratories;
  • teleconferencing.