A local computer network is an interconnection of a certain number of computers within a relatively small area.
The advantages of interconnecting into a local network are:
- Data sharing. In the network, data are stored in the central PC and can be available to any PC connected to the network, so there is no need to have a storing device to store the same information at each workplace.
- Resource sharing. Peripheral devices can be available to all users of the network (such as a fax machine or a laser printer).
- Software sharing. All network users can have an access to the software that was once installed centrally. The network version of corresponding software should be functional.
- rapid access and sharing of data;
- accumulation of data for scientific research;
- distance learning;
- functioning of electronic libraries and virtual laboratories;